Monitoring Your Server Services With Monit

What is Monit ?

monit is a utility for managing and monitoring, processes, files, directories and devices on a UNIX system. Monit conducts automatic maintenance and repair and can execute meaningful causal actions in error situations.

Download monit

monit documentation

monit FAQ

Installing monit in debian

If you want to install monit in Debian just follow this

#apt-get install monit
Reading Package Lists... Done
Building Dependency Tree... Done
The following NEW packages will be installed:
0 upgraded, 1 newly installed, 0 to remove and 3 not upgraded.
Need to get 228kB of archives.
After unpacking 643kB of additional disk space will be used.
Get:1 stable/main monit 1:4.5-1 [228kB]
Fetched 228kB in 0s (678kB/s)
Selecting previously deselected package monit.
(Reading database ... 15512 files and directories currently installed.)
Unpacking monit (from .../monit_1%3a4.5-1_i386.deb) ...
Setting up monit (4.5-1) ...
Starting daemon monitor: monit won't be started/stopped
       unless it it's configured
       please configure monit and then edit /etc/default/monit
       and set the "startup" variable to 1 in order to allow
       monit to start

This completes the installation Process.

Configuring monit

monit configuration file is located at /etc/monit/monitrc.If you want to see the default configuration file click here

By default all the lines in configuration file is commented out you can uncomment the lines which ever you want to monitor

Here we are going to see the some example configuration file

set daemon  120
# poll at 2-minute intervals. Monit will wakeup every two minute to
# monitor things. Time must be given in seconds.

set logfile syslog facility log_daemon
# Set syslog logging.

# Set a default mail from-address for all alert messages emitted by monit.
# All alert mail will be sent to below mail address.
set mail-format { from: [email protected] }
set alert [email protected]

# You can define your mail-notification format. Do man monit
mail-format {
   from: [email protected]
   subject: $SERVICE $EVENT at $DATE
   message: Monit $ACTION $SERVICE at $DATE on $HOST,

   Yours sincerely,

# Make monit start its web-server. So you can access it from web browser.
set httpd port 2812 and
use address

##Monit web-server ACL.
allow localhost       # allow localhost to connect to the server and
allow     # allow to connect to the server,
                     # You can give only one per entry

allow admin:monit     # user name and password for authentication.

allow debianhelp:debianhelp   # set multiple user to access through browser.

# Monitoring the apache2 web services.
# It will check process apache2 with given pid file.
# If process name or pidfile path is wrong then monit will
# give the error of failed. tough apache2 is running.
check process apache2 with pidfile /var/run/

 #Below is actions taken by monit when service got stuck.
 start program = "/etc/init.d/apache2 start"
 stop program  = "/etc/init.d/apache2 stop"
 # Admin will notify by mail if below of the condition satisfied.
 if cpu is greater than 60% for 2 cycles then alert
 if cpu > 80% for 5 cycles then restart
 if totalmem > 200.0 MB for 5 cycles then restart
 if children > 250 then restart
 if loadavg(5min) greater than 10 for 8 cycles then stop
 if 3 restarts within 5 cycles then timeout
 group server

#Monitoring slapd process.

check process slapd with pidfile /var/ldap/var/run/
   start program = "/etc/init.d/slapd start"
   stop program  = "/etc/init.d/slapd stop"
   if failed port 389 then restart
   if 2 restarts within 3 cycles then timeout
   group server

   # monit will only monit/give alert in this mode.
   mode passive

# Check Database file, size,permission etc...
check file slapd-database with path /var/ldap/var/openldap-data/mydata.db
  if failed permission 700 then alert
  if failed uid data then alert
  if failed gid data then alert
  if timestamp > 15 minutes then alert
  if size > 100 MB then alert

#Check directory for permission.
check directory bin with path /bin
   if failed permission 755 then unmonitor
   if failed uid 0 then unmonitor
   if failed gid 0 then unmonitor

#Check host for which services up/down on particular port.
check host with address
   if failed icmp type echo with timeout 4 seconds then alert
   if failed port 21 then alert
   if failed port 22 type tcp 22 with timeout 40 seconds then aler
   if failed port 80 protocol http then alert
   if failed port 389 type tcp with timeout 15 seconds then alert

#  check directory bin with path /bin
   if failed permission 755 then unmonitor
   if failed uid 0 then unmonitor
   if failed gid 0 then unmonitor

You can also include other configuration files via include directives:

include /etc/monit/default.monitrc
include /etc/monit/mysql.monitrc

After modifying the configuration file you should check for the syntax to make sure they are correct. To do this run:

# monit -t

Now you can run monit directly:

# monit

Once monit is running you can check for activity with your web-browser.

You can of course use the Debian init script to start the monitoring:

#/etc/init.d/monit start

For this to work you must enable the service by changing the file /etc/default/monit:

# You must set this variable to for monit to start

# To change the intervals which monit should run uncomment
# and change this variable.

Monit Web interface

Monit Web interface will run on the port number 2812.If you have any firewall in your network setup you need to enable this port.

Now point your browser to (make sure port 2812 isn't blocked by your firewall), log in with admin and test, and you should see the monit web interface